Ngorongro Crater and Ngorongro Conservation Area

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The Ngorongoro Conservation Area covers 8,292 square kilometers (3201 square miles)

  • NCA was established in 1959 and is a unique protected area in the whole of Africa where conservation of natural resources is integrated
    with human development.

  • The crater itself is a sunken volcano and is the largest intact, un-flooded volcanic caldera in the world

  • It exploded and collapsed in on itself two to three million years ago

  • It spans 260 square kilometers (about 100 square miles), is about 12 miles across and 610 meters (2,000 feet) deep

  • NCA was accorded the status of a World Heritage Site

  • Detour to Ndutu en route to Ngorongoro Crater

The Ngornogoro Crater it is a World Heritage Site that holds Tanzania's largest collection of Black Rhino. The variety of landscape in that limited area, lakes, wetland, forest, and plains  make a unique ecosystem. It is self-contained and densely populated with a lot of lions, hyaenas,  and its own small wildebeest migration referred to as "local migration".