Ngorongro Crater and Ngorongro Conservation Area
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area covers 8,292 square kilometers (3201 square miles)
NCA was established in 1959 and is a unique protected area in the whole of Africa where conservation of natural resources is integrated
with human development.
The crater itself is a sunken volcano and is the largest intact, un-flooded volcanic caldera in the world
It exploded and collapsed in on itself two to three million years ago
It spans 260 square kilometers (about 100 square miles), is about 12 miles across and 610 meters (2,000 feet) deep
NCA was accorded the status of a World Heritage Site
Detour to Ndutu en route to Ngorongoro Crater
The Ngornogoro Crater it is a World Heritage Site that holds Tanzania's largest collection of Black Rhino. The variety of landscape in that limited area, lakes, wetland, forest, and plains make a unique ecosystem. It is self-contained and densely populated with a lot of lions, hyaenas, and its own small wildebeest migration referred to as "local migration".